Clinical trials are research studies in which patients may volunteer to take part. We use clinical trials to find better ways to prevent, diagnose and treat cancer.
Clinical trials are part of a long, careful process, which may take many years. First, doctors study a new treatment in the lab. Then they often study the treatment in animals. If a new treatment shows promise, doctors then test the treatment in people. Doctors do this in three to four steps, or phases.
Our most important job is to protect patients. First, we protect patients in clinical trials by following well-planned protocols:
Second, we protect patients by using a careful informed consent process. The basic principle in clinical trials is Safety and Non-inferiority, meaning, in order to approve a clinical trial it has to be first safe, and second, not below the benefit of the current modalities available in practice.